Asylum seeker is applying for international protection
An asylum seeker is a person who applies for a residence permit in a foreign country on the basis of protection.
An asylum seeker is granted refugee status if he or she is deemed to be in need of protection. If the criteria for refugee status are not met, a residence permit may be granted on the basis of subsidiary protection. A residence permit may also be granted on the basis of an individual humanitarian reason, an obstacle to leaving the country or being a victim of human trafficking.
The application for asylum is made in person immediately after arrival at the border authority or the police.
Asylum decisions are taken by the Finnish Immigration Service (Migri) on the basis of an asylum interview.
The criteria for asylum are defined by law and by international agreements to which Finland is a party.
Act on International Protection FINLEX (301/2004)